Health inequalities
20th March 2024

Health equity: Marmot Cities


Taking action to reduce health inequalities is a matter of social justice. In developing strategies for tackling health inequalities we need to confront the social gradient in health, not just the difference between the worst-off and everybody else.

There is clear evidence when we look across countries that national policies make a difference and that much can be done in cities, towns and local areas. But policies and interventions must not be confined to the healthcare system; they need to address the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age.

The evidence shows that economic circumstances are important but are not the only drivers of health inequalities. Tackling the health gap will take action, based on sound evidence, across the whole of society.

Learning objectives

  • To understand the evidence base on health inequalities
  • To learn about research on the social gradient on health
  • To understand the link between health inequalities and social justice


Sir Michael Marmot photo
Sir Michael Marmot
Professor, director of the Institute of Health Equity, UK

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